Multiple Resources in an Extension
This guide will show you how to:
- Create multiple tables on one single extension
WARNING: This only works on Refinery versions 2.0.0 and greater.
Generating an extension
Refinery ships with an extension generator that makes adding your own functionality a breeze. It works just like the Rails scaffold generator.
$ rails generate refinery:engine singular_model_name attribute:type [attribute:type ...]
TIP: to see all the options supported by the
refinery:engine generator just run
rails g refinery:engine.
Here is a list of the different field types are what they give you:
**field type** **description** text a multiline visual editor resource a link which pops open a dialog which allows the user to select an existing file or upload a new one image a link which pops open a dialog which allows the user to select an existing image or upload a new one string and integer a standard single line text input
If you remember, we told Rick that we'll give him an area to post up events he'll be at. Although he could technically create a new page in Refinery to add this content there, areas that have special functionality are much better suited as an extension.
Rick is going to want to enter the following information about each event:
- The event title
- The event date
- A photo
- A little blurb about the event.
Run this command to generate the events extension for Rick:
$ rails generate refinery:engine event title:string date:datetime photo:image blurb:text
TIP: if you want to create a model without any front-end code (i.e. code only for the administrative interface), add
TIP: if you want to use a custom namespace for your extension, add
--namespace <namespace_name>. If you use it, you have to remember to specify this namespace for every scaffold you generate for this extension.
This results in the following:
create vendor/extensions/events/app/controllers/refinery/admin/events_controller.rb create vendor/extensions/events/app/controllers/refinery/events_controller.rb create vendor/extensions/events/app/models/refinery/event.rb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/admin/events/_actions.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/admin/events/_form.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/admin/events/_events.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/admin/events/_records.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/admin/events/_event.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/admin/events/_sortable_list.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/admin/events/edit.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/admin/events/index.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/admin/events/new.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/events/index.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/refinery/events/show.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/en.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/es.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/fr.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/lolcat.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/nb.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/nl.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/routes.rb create vendor/extensions/events/db/migrate/20111031210430_create_events.rb create vendor/extensions/events/db/seeds.rb create vendor/extensions/events/lib/generators/refinery/events_generator.rb create vendor/extensions/events/lib/refinerycms-events.rb create vendor/extensions/events/lib/tasks/events.rake create vendor/extensions/events/readme.md create vendor/extensions/events/refinerycms-events.gemspec ... ------------------------ Now run: bundle install rails generate refinery:events rake db:migrate rake db:seed ------------------------
As the output shows, next run:
refinery:events generator is created for you to install the migration to create the events table. Run all the commands provided in the terminal.
TIP: When new extensions are added, it's a good idea to restart your server for new changes to be loaded in.
As you can see inside your text editor, the event extension is now stored in
vendor/extensions/events/. This is where all your files – including your migration file – will be placed. The folder structure of
events is nearly identical to a normal Rails app, but has a few additions to provide Refinery functionality.
Once you have generated an extension, it's time to create another scaffold to put inside of it.
To do that, run the following command.
$ rails g refinery:engine place name:string --extension events --namespace events
TIP: You can additionally specify
--pretend to simulate generation, so you may inspect the outcome without actually modifying anything.
Notice the last arguments (
--extension <extension_name> --namespace <extension_name>). This is how Refinery knows which extension to insert your new code. The
--namespace argument is necessary because Refinery will create a namespace for your extension by default. If you don't specify one, it's the name of the first scaffold you created. In this
case, the namespace is
events. If you look inside, for example,
vendor/extensions/events/app/controllers/refinery/events/events_controller.rb, you will see that the opening lines look something like this:
The first two lines indicate that the extension is namespaced using
Refinery::Events. Refinery will automatically add the
Refinery for you, but you will have to manually specify the namespace.
Running this command will produce the following output:
... create vendor/extensions/events/app/controllers/admin/places_controller.rb create vendor/extensions/events/app/controllers/places_controller.rb create vendor/extensions/events/app/models/place.rb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/admin/places/_actions.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/admin/places/_form.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/admin/places/_states.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/admin/places/_records.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/admin/places/_place.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/admin/places/_sortable_list.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/admin/places/edit.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/admin/places/index.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/admin/places/new.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/places/index.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/app/views/places/show.html.erb create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/tmp/en.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/tmp/fr.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/tmp/lolcat.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/tmp/nb.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/locales/tmp/nl.yml create vendor/extensions/events/config/tmp/routes.rb create vendor/extensions/events/db/migrate/create_places.rb create vendor/extensions/events/db/seeds/places.rb create vendor/extensions/events/features/manage_places.feature create vendor/extensions/events/features/step_definitions/place_steps.rb create vendor/extensions/events/features/support/tmp/paths.rb create vendor/extensions/events/lib/generators/refinerycms_places_generator.rb create vendor/extensions/events/lib/refinerycms-places.rb create vendor/extensions/events/lib/tasks/places.rake create vendor/extensions/events/refinerycms-places.gemspec create vendor/extensions/events/spec/models/place_spec.rb append vendor/extensions/events/lib/refinerycms-events.rb ... ------------------------ Now run: bundle install rails generate refinery:events rake db:migrate rake db:seed ------------------------
WARNING: If you are presented with a conflict in the
events_generator.rb file, say no! This happens at the moment because Refinery thinks you are generating a Places extension, and this may cause all kinds of havoc if you agree to it. If you have accidentally agreed to it, you can revert that file, and check your
db/seeds.rb file to see if you have accidentally appended an additional line reading
Run the commands listed above. Notice
rails generate refinery:events. The
rails generate refinery:events will copy the migration files from
db/migrate and will prepend a timestamp to each migration. This is so an extension that was written before your application will declare its migrations chronologically
later than the migrations you wrote for the app. For instance, if you wrote your app on Tuesday and then inserted the extension on Wednesday, you would want the timestamps on the migrations to show Wednesday rather than the date it was created – perhaps Monday. If the extension didn't do this, when you deployed your application, it would run the migrations for your extension first, potentially failing because it couldn't find the Refinery database tables it needs to complete.
Crudify: The Backbone of Refinery Engines
Any Refinery extension, even the built-in ones, that focuses on the standard create, read, update and delete operations are driven by
crudify. Crudify is a highly reusable module included with Refinery that gives you all the standard CRUD actions as well as reordering, searching and paging.
vendor/extensions/events/app/controllers/refinery/events/admin/events_controller.rb and look at its contents:
module Refinery module Events module Admin class EventsController < ::Refinery::AdminController crudify :'refinery/events/event', :xhr_paging => true end end end end
Most of the time, crudify's defaults are bang on, but if you need to, you can easily customise how it works.
crudify assumes your records will be sortable. But events should not be manually sortable; it makes more sense to order them by their event date. Update the contents of the file to this:
module Refinery module Events module Admin class EventsController < ::Refinery::AdminController crudify :'refinery/events/event', :xhr_paging => true, :order => "date DESC", :sortable => false end end end end
This will tell
crudify to sort by our event date field and to turn off manual sorting by the user.
Finally edit vendor/extensions/events/app/controllers/refinery/events/events_controller.rb and replace the find_all_events method with this one:
module Refinery module Events class EventsController < ::ApplicationController # code protected def find_all_events # Order by event date @events = Event.order("date DESC") end # code end end end
This will sort your events by date, rather than the default, which is its ID (a rather information-less order).